B ∞ 1/T and Meissner Effect 1933 Re-explained with ‘Gill’s Electronic Theory of Magnetism 1964’

MD, Avtar Singh Gill (2022) B ∞ 1/T and Meissner Effect 1933 Re-explained with ‘Gill’s Electronic Theory of Magnetism 1964’. B P International, pp. 22-41. ISBN 978-93-5547-765-1

Full text not available from this repository.


Curie point is reached according to Gill’s electronic theory of magnetism 1964 because of the increased inter-atomic distance at a certain high temperature for a particular metal which makes it impossible for some exposed electrons of a ferromagnetic atom to latch onto the exposed protons of the next atom to cause magnetization. This Curie point could be increased by applying a stronger external magnetic field.

Meissner effect 1933 refers to the lateral expulsion or squeezing out of an otherwise constant total magnetic flux from within the magnet to the outside on cooling of the magnet to a critical temperature as it results in less internal space. It will be shown that the concept of internal plus external magnetic flux as a constant is wrong and an alternative explanation will be presented to explain the Meissner experiment results obtained in 1933 with the help of Gill’s electronic theory of magnetism 1964 (the re-explained Meissner effect).

Gill’s electronic theory of magnetism shows that the reduced inter-atomic distance of the magnetized chain inside the magnetized tin cylinder on cooling will result in a greater number of electrons of one atom to latch onto the protons of the next atom and so on. This increased magnetic force of attraction between exposed electrons and protons of adjacent magnetized atoms will prevent any expulsion of the increased intra-magnetic force along its lateral length. There is greater magnetization of the tin cylinders resultant magnetic poles at the two ends due to reduced inter-atomic distance due to cooling resulting in the development of a stronger external magnetic force around the tin cylinder, with no change in the external applied external magnetic force and this is the correct Meissner effect.

Levitation of the electron dependent north magnetic pole of a magnet in the Meissner experiment due to a dense layer of electrons on the tin surface will be addressed.

Superconductivity will be explained by super-cooling leading to a greatly reduced inter-atomic distance leading to easy flow of the free outer valence electrons as they are experiencing near zero resistance while flowing from one atom to the next. These outer free electrons in a superconducting supercooled state will experience equal force from neighboring consecutive proton masses of consecutive atoms and thus are able to move freely with zero resistance.

Item Type: Book
Subjects: Eprints STM archive > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email admin@eprints.stmarchive
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2023 04:17
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2023 04:17
URI: http://public.paper4promo.com/id/eprint/1197

Actions (login required)

View Item
View Item