Thermal Study of the Utilization of Rice Husks Using the Forced Convection Method as Energy for a Rotating Cylinder Dryer

Alit, Ida Bagus and Susana, I Gede Bawa (2023) Thermal Study of the Utilization of Rice Husks Using the Forced Convection Method as Energy for a Rotating Cylinder Dryer. Journal of Energy Research and Reviews, 15 (3). pp. 96-102. ISSN 2581-8368

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Small farmers in rural areas use the sun as their main energy source to dry post-harvest products. Due to limited knowledge and technology, farmers depend on the sun through direct drying. Direct use of the sun for the drying process has disadvantages in uncertain weather such as cloudy or rainy. This results in the drying process not being optimal or even stopping. This research aims to use rice husks as energy to replace direct sun drying to produce optimal temperatures so that drying time is shorter and the quality of the dried food is hygienic. Rice husk as an energy source is applied through a rotating cylinder dryer. This dryer is tailored to farmers' needs, namely easy to operate at an affordable price. This energy can be utilized sustainably because it is abundant through a forced convection system and energy conversion using a heat exchanger. The design of the compact rotary dryer includes an integrated drying chamber in one unit with the combustion furnace and a heat exchanger. The drying chamber includes a rotating cylinder and a fixed cylinder. The test results show that hot air from burning rice husks flows through the heat exchange pipes by conduction from the furnace to the walls of the drying chamber and by forced convection through an exhaust fan installed in the drying chamber. The average environmental temperature of 29.55-29.69oC has increased when using one exhaust fan to 64.46oC and two exhaust fans to 60.11oC. This drying temperature can produce shorter drying times, so it can be applied to post-harvest product drying, which is energy-efficient and sustainable for small farmers. Based on research results, rotating cylinder dryers powered by rice husks are very suitable for small farmers to replace direct sun drying.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Eprints STM archive > Energy
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email admin@eprints.stmarchive
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2023 05:34
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2023 05:34

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