Potential Mammalian Vector-Borne Diseases in Live and Wet Markets in Indonesia and Myanmar

Nijman, Vincent and Nekaris, K. A. I. and Shepherd, Chris R. and Vigne, Lucy and Ardiansyah, Ahmad and Imron, Muhammad Ali and Ni, Qinyong and Hedger, Katherine and Campera, Marco and Morcatty, Thais Q. (2023) Potential Mammalian Vector-Borne Diseases in Live and Wet Markets in Indonesia and Myanmar. Microbiology Research, 14 (1). pp. 116-131. ISSN 2036-7481

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Vector-borne diseases spread from wild animals and their associated ectoparasites to humans and domesticated animals. Wildlife markets are recognized as important areas where this transfer can take place. We assessed the potential for spreading vector-borne diseases in two live and wet markets in Myanmar (Mong La, on the Myanmar-China border) and Indonesia (Sukahaji in Bandung on the island of Java) by making an inventory of all live and freshly killed wild mammals for sale. For eight mammal families, we quantified the number of animals on offer, and we used a heatmap cluster analysis to map vector-borne diseases that these families may carry. In Myanmar, we observed large numbers of wild pigs and deer (potentially carrying West Nile and various encephalitis viruses) whereas in Indonesia we observed Old World fruit bats (potentially carrying Chikungunya and encephalitis viruses) and squirrels (potentially carrying West Nile and encephalitis viruses). The trade in Indonesia was dominated by live mammals offered for sale as pets, and only Old World fruit bats and squirrels traded for traditional Asian medicine were killed in the markets. The trade in Myanmar was more geared towards wild meat (e.g., wild pigs, deer, primates) and traditional Asian medicine (squirrels). The combined risks of vector-borne diseases spreading from traded animals to human health highlight the need for an integrated approach protecting public health, economic interests and biodiversity.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Eprints STM archive > Medical Science
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email admin@eprints.stmarchive
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2023 12:36
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2023 05:30
URI: http://public.paper4promo.com/id/eprint/666

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